Medical diseases are on the rise nowadays with people struggling with different diseases every now and then. Out of these normal medical diseases, some of the worst diseases are STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). These STDs are now a cause of concern for many people all over the world. Due to the fact that they can be transmitted through any unprotected sexual activity. Let us talk about STDs and how does gynecologist test for STDs.
The consequences of these STDs are so high that it even be passed on to an unborn child through breastfeeding or during pregnancy.
The main cause of STDs is due to the survival of different bacteria, parasites, and viruses during any unprotected sexual act. It is reported that there are more than 30 million cases of STDs every year. This has turned out to be a huge health challenge for all health agencies all over the world. And the problem lies that if you don’t treat these STD’s then the women become infertile with an average of more than 50,000. So that women becoming infertile every year due to these STDs.
Now the question arises how the gynecologist can check out for these STDs. The answer to this is very simple. There are different tests that are available for STDs. The gynecologist recommending different tests according to different levels of STDs. There are different levels of STDs that a doctor measures with the help of symptoms of STDs. And these all through the sexual and medical history of the patient. This is the basic starting process of how any gynecologist can check out for STDs if any.
The process for the medical and sexual history will kick start with the junior doctors asking about the medical and sexual history of the patient. This usually starts off with the doctors asking about the partners that the patient has had till now. The number of partners that the patient has had in the past. They help doctors to ascertain the sexual acts that the patient might have performed in the past. All these things start off towards a complete process in which the gynecologist determines STDs in any patient.
After the medical and sexual history is taken, the doctors will then move ahead towards examining the genitals of the patients. This examination leads to the result of symptoms if any patient has any symptoms of STDs or not. If the doctor finds out about any possible symptoms of STDs in the patient, then that particular patient has to go through a pelvic exam. Apart from these patients, if there are no symptoms found, then there is no need for the pelvic exam.
A pelvic exam is that exam where the doctors examine the reproductive organs of the female patients. The reproductive organs are tested both internally and externally to find out STDs if it exists. The doctors have to make sure that all the reproductive organs of the patients. They are normal and there is nothing worrying about it. However, one thing to note here is that the doctors don’t usually opt for a pelvic exam of teens as they are too young. But it can be conducted in case of complaints from the patients. The exam is usually conducted for patients that are aged above 21 years only.
During the pelvic exam, the doctors will come and brief you about the whole process as to what will be done. It is also important to note that the patient might well have to undress fully if a breast exam is also being conducted. If the breast exam is not being conducted than the patient will have to undress from the waist down only. The main thing that the doctors aim at during this test is to keep the patient as much relaxed as possible so that they can continue with the test without any hassles.
During the test, the doctors will ask you to open up your legs sideways to start the examination process. They will check out for swelling of vaginas and other reproductive organs from the outside before moving towards internal examination. A key point to note here is that the doctors are wearing gloves while doing the whole examination process as well.
The internal process is the tricky one in which the gynecologist often needs the help of the doctor-nurse for examination. This includes looking inside the vagina of the patient in such a way that it does not hurt the patient at all. If any reproductive organ of the patient is not visible to the doctors, then they end up feeling the particular thing in order to be sure that the reproductive organs of the patients are of the right size and that there no problems of extraordinary growth of it.
Once the interviews and the test have been conducted there are one or more than one samples that a doctor may take for further examination. The samples that the doctor can take include the following:
The samples taken are then tested by the doctors will help a lot. It helps in determining whether there is any problem of STDs in the patient or not. The samples can be taken by the doctor themselves. At the point they can also be sent to any laboratories for testing purposes. Not all the tests will be conducted at the same time but only those tests will be conducted that the doctor thinks will help them in determining the root cause.
STDs is one thing that not many people get tested but it is of utmost importance as the future of the person and the family depends on this test. There may not be any apparent signs of STDs in a person. It is always better to get it checked and get it confirmed before moving forward. People who have had any sexual intercourse in their lifetime. They should get it checked just to ensure that they are not at any sort of risk.