Everything a Woman Needs to Know About PCOD
Did you know that one in every five women suffer from PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) or PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome) in India? There is also a significant rise in the number of teenage girls affected by this medical condition.
However, there is no reason to panic. In order to deal with PCOD, it is necessary that every woman is well-informed about its causes, symptoms and treatment to make the right and timely health-related decisions. PCOD cure is very much possible with the right kind of treatment.
What is PCOD?
In simple terms, PCOD is a condition which causes the imbalance in a woman’s hormones. In the medical terms, it is known to be characterized by multiple (poly) cysts (small sacs filled with fluid) in the ovaries. As a result, the hormones go haywire, causing problems with the menstruation cycle, and thereby adversely affecting the chances of pregnancy.
Symptoms:Usually, women suffering from PCOD may experience these symptoms:
- Weight gain/Trouble losing weight
- Irregular, abnormal, heavy or painful periods
- Excessive hair growth on body and face
- Pelvic pain
- Pregnancy/conception/infertility related issues
- Poor metabolism
Basically, PCOD disturbs the hormonal balance, which is responsible for the smooth functioning of all body systems, including the reproductive system and triggers the above symptoms.
Causes:The hormonal imbalance can occur due to several reasons:
- Excess Androgen: The ovaries start producing a high level of androgen, also called testosterone or male hormones. This prevents the ovaries from releasing eggs and ovulating during the menstruation cycle.
- Excess Insulin: Insulin is a kind of hormone which is produced in the pancreas and produces sugar or glucose. The sugar is the primary source of energy for our body. If body cells start resisting the insulin mechanism, the blood sugar level rises. The body starts producing more insulin, which in turn increases androgen levels.
- Genetic History: If PCOD runs in a woman’s family, she is more prone to chances of suffering from it.
- Excess Body Weight: Women who are overweight or obese tend to face insulin resistance. The fatty tissues are hormonally active and produce estrogens, which disturbs the ovulation cycle.
PCOD can be detected through a vaginal ultrasound known as USG Pelvis. If PCOD exists, then ovaries will appear enlarged and have multiple cysts arranged in the form of a necklace.
When you start experiencing PCOD symptoms, a visit to a medical practitioner is must. S/he may prescribe some pills, therapy or surgery, if required. However, PCOD is a condition which can be generally cured and prevented through lifestyle changes such as regular exercise (30-40 minutes, at least 5 times a week), healthy diet and adequate sleep.Diet plays the most important role in PCOD treatment. Here are some do’s and don’ts you should follow:
- Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce the intake of dairy products.
- Prefer lean cuts of chicken and fish over red meat.
- Drink at least 2-3 litres of fluids such as water, soups and coconut water, every day. Stay away from carbonated and sugary beverages.
- Eat a handful of nuts (except cashews) every day.
- Eat whole grains, pulses and lentils. Avoid refined flours.
- Avoid white rice. Instead, include brown or red rice.
- Include seeds, herbs and spices such as coriander, cinnamon, flax seeds and methi seeds in your diet.
- Avoid any kind of junk food.
PCOD can be managed easily by maintaining the harmony between the hormones. Homeopathy is a good and harmless alternative for PCOD cure because it restores the hormonal balance by acting at the root level. PCOD treatment through homeopathy mainly comprises medicines that correct the hormonal inequity and neutralizes its negative effects. These medicines also regulate the menstruation cycle, increase chances of conception, treat acne, and control excessive hair growth on body and face. Within three to six months of homeopathy-based PCOD treatment, the cysts dissolve gradually, which can be checked through USG Pelvis scan.PCOD cure is completely possible with a healthy lifestyle, regular and right diet, and homeopathy treatment.