Did you spend most of your time as a kid tinkering with toys to look into the inner working? Have physical constructions of building fascinated you? Ask these questions to yourself. If any of this picture include you in the memory, you must look for career options in civil engineering. But before that, you must know about civil engineering.
One of the oldest branches of engineering, civil engineering comprises planning, designing, constructing and supervising infrastructures. Facilities essential to modern life such as highways, bridges, airports and other buildings are the work of civil engineers. To start a career in civil engineering, you must go for a course to acquire the desired knowledge and skills. B.Tech in civil engineering is a four-year programme offered at the UG level by various universities and institutes in India.
In India, B.Tech admission is through an entrance test. You learn about structural sciences, construction and project management during the study. Throughout the course, students will learn via theory as well as practical. Civil engineering is a field with vast scope as infrastructure takes a leading role in government investment. The employment of civil engineers is expected to increase in future.
You will need to equip various skills such as critical thinking, the ability to interpret data, communication, problem-solving etc., to acquire a higher-paying job in the field. Civil engineers are hired by Construction Firms, Defence Forces Development Boards, Municipal Bodies, etc. The engineers work in public and private sectors in all branches of design, construction, maintenance of roads, highways, bridges etc. Civil engineers also get to work in quality testing laboratories, Military and Defence services.
Check below the career options available after completing B.Tech in civil engineering and other specialisation courses-
The job role of civil engineers comprises planning, designing, construction, supervision etc., of several construction projects. These engineers use their skilled craft in various settings. Civil engineers are usually found on construction worksites advising supervisory staff. When major infrastructural crises strike, such as the collapse of municipal water mains or utility poles, these engineers are available on the scene.
A civil engineer is responsible for designing safe structures that fulfil standard codes in the regions they are being built in. These structures need to be designed with efficiency, maintenance and other economic fears to bear through years of use. When it comes to transportation, civil engineers build structures to enable the smooth flow of traffic and to allow development and higher user rates.
A structural engineer specialises in an area. It could vary from pipeline engineering to bridge engineering and from building engineering to vast air and water structures such as aircraft and ships. In India, the need for structural engineers is great as every construction needs skilled engineers to uphold its durability and quality. A vast number of builders, contractors or architects recruit structural engineers as their consultants.
Environmental engineers work includes controlling, preventing and remediating any hazards to the environment with their engineering experience. Their KRAs include handling erosion, waste disposal and air pollution.
A water resource engineer deals with disposal of wastewater, provision of clean water and prevention of flood damage. These engineers are responsible for repairing, maintain and building structures required for controlling water resources. Global warming, population growth etc., are some of the challenges that a water resource engineer needs to deal with.
Average salary package for civil engineering graduates is on a high side. Salary of a civil engineer range from INR 3.5 Lakh per annum to INR 20 Lakh per annum. The salary depends on the experience of the engineer. Various international companies are offering rewarding salary packages of more than INR 20 Lakh per annum.
Moreover, as the scope rises and times change, there will be a demand for environmental engineers and civil engineers to plan infrastructure for smart cities. Both private, as well as public sectors are in constant requirement for skilled civil engineers.
There are various sub-disciplines within the field of civil engineering. If you are looking a career in civil engineering, you will be required to complete coursework in many of these areas as part of the education. Opting for civil engineering for B.Tech admission will be the right choice to begin a career in the field.