Fixed and Floating Rate of Interest for Debt Consolidation Loan – A Brief Guide

debt consolidation

Debt consolidation is a critical process. When you are facing the situation where you have to pay a lot of loans altogether, you can simply your debt through debt consolidation. Nevertheless, paying the debt early will help you to save some money as you have to pay lesser interest. A few lenders come with such options for debt settlement. Banks and other major financial institutions have offered debt settlement or consolidation loan.

The vastness of the lending industry is in inexplicable by mere words, and the huge number of loan options with a wide range of features makes it truly confusing for most of the people to decide, the most suitable type of loan on the basis of his/her financial situation. Before you engage yourself in the research to find out the perfect loan, it is essential to understand some basic features which are always associated with any form of a loan. In this article, our subject is one of the most significant features of a loan, the rate of interest.

Types of Rate of Interest on Debt Consolidation Loan

It not only set the total amount of interest that you need to come up over the principal amount, but it also regulates the tenure of a debt settlement loan in an indirect manner. There are two types of rate of interest, fixed and floating. You need to understand either of them extensively in order to decide which one will be imposed on your loan. A wrong selection of interest type could adversely affect your repayment capabilities and could make you confront a worse complicated situation like a foreclosure.

As the financial liabilities vary from one person to another, the need also exhibits a wide variation. An approach is taken in this article to make people realize the usefulness and adversities of a loan with a fixed or a floating rate of interest.

Basics of Fixed Rate of Interest Based Loan

The term fixed rate clearly implies that the rate of interest in this particular type of loan remains unchanged during the entire tenure of repayment or loan. For example, if you take a fixed rate loan at an interest rate of eight percent for the tenure of twenty years, the rate of interest will remain same, that is eight percent of the entire course of your loan period.  The fixed rate loan is not similar in every country of our world. In some countries, the rate of interest remains fixed for the initial few years of the tenure,  and this time frame varies from bank to bank and from one country to another. To learn more, one can visit

Actually, the government of a nation decides the financial policies and the financial organizations of that nation comply accordingly. The banks or any other financial house that offers loan services in such countries reveal their loan design to a potential borrower about their policy in detail before the finalization of the deal.

Benefits of Fixed Rate of Interest

Generally, in some initial years the rate of interest remains fixed, and after that, the rate will float in accordance with the reference rate. Every feature of a loan, it could be the rate of interest on fixed or floating loan, loan tenure, transition from one form of a loan to another varies from one country to another in accordance with the economy of that particular nation and volatile financial aspects, such as inflation and performance of different work sectors. The most important benefit of this type of loan is the borrowers will be able to maintain a fixed budget in terms of monthly repayments.

As the rate of interest is fixed, so will be the payments. Hence, the borrowers do not need to worry about fluctuating rates and consequent change in the amount of payment. Fixed rate debt settlement loans are at most of the times a bit costly from variable rate loans, but in this case, it is secured because your budgetary plans don’t need any alteration and moreover if the interest rate increases of floating loan in the market, you will be at the profiting end.

Basics of Floating Rate of Interest

The name of this particular type of loan is clear to understand that in this case the rate of interest is not fixed. This type of loan is also known as Variable or Adjustable Rate Loan. The value of the rate of interest of this loan type keeps on varying or getting adjusted according to the financial conditions of the market due to the performance of the economy of the country in domestic and in international level. Generally, the value of the rate of interest in the initial years of the tenure of floating rate loan reveals low value.

Benefits of Floating Rate of Interest

It is not mandatory that after the initial phase is over, the rate of interest is going to climb, but normally in most of the times, an upward swing could be noticed. As per the figures of statistics, the total amount of interest that is charged on Floating Rate Loan is less than Fixed Rate Loan. Knowing this fact, it will be not wise to select this particular form of loan because this involves a risk factor and will not allow you to stick to your budget. It is good for the persons who are financially better secured to encounter a sudden increase in interest rate without hardship.

The best thing about the floating rate of interest for a debt consolidation loan is that it is realistic. The rate of interest gets changed with the market scenario. It could get high, or it could get low. The fluctuation is not major, as many people think of it. So, the debt consolidation process remains seamless.

Final Verdict

At the conclusion note, it has to be said that debt consolidation is a process which is required by both individuals and organization, though many people do not understand it properly. To understand the debt consolidation loans, you need to understand the differences between fixed rate and floating rate for such a loan.


Isabella Rossellini is a marketing and communication expert. She also serves as a content developer with many years of experience. She has previously covered an extensive range of topics in her posts, including business debt consolidation and start-ups.